Let’s say younger preschoolers (three to four years old) play alone

Let’s say younger preschoolers (three to four years old) play alone

At the age of five or six, the preschooler’s fears are most acute. It is important to help him during this period successfully cope with them, overcome them, and not force him to deny and ignore. At the age of six, the baby comes to the realization that life is finite. This can lead to the formation of a “fear of death”. The child begins to fear his own death or the loss of loved ones. Understanding the root cause of a particular fear is the key to effectively dealing with it.

Preschool age – the age of “why” and all kinds of games

The preschool age is sometimes referred to as the “question period”. This is not surprising, because a child can generate his “why”, “how” and “why” in hundreds, sometimes confusing adults. You need to be patient and try to intelligibly and clearly reveal the essence of the phenomenon that interests him. Perhaps the kid will ask again and ask to explain again. Do not be nervous and repeat as much as the child is interested in. These repetitions will help him better understand the structure of the world around him. It is important not to try to mislead the kid and answer truthfully to his questions, if they are available for children’s understanding. Otherwise, sooner or later, the parent’s lies will be revealed, and the child will lose confidence in him, which will lead to a breakdown in contact between the adult and the baby.

At preschool age, play activity comes to the fore, which is significantly transformed throughout this period. Let’s say younger preschoolers (three or four years old) play alone. The game lasts no more than 20 minutes, and it is aimed at reproducing certain actions of adults. Older preschoolers (5-7 years old) are guided by building interpersonal relationships, therefore, other children are involved in their game. Then the game becomes competitive and has a storyline. In it, children get the opportunity to hone and improve their organizational and leadership qualities.

Features of the development of a preschool child

In preschool age, the child’s sensory sphere is improved. He begins to more accurately and correctly perceive the shape, size, color and weight of various objects. In addition, the meaningfulness of perception increases (its ideas about the structure of the surrounding world deepen and expand).

The thinking of a preschooler is expressed in visual-effective, verbal-logical and visual-figurative forms. Initially, the child solves the tasks assigned to him through practical actions. In older preschoolers, visual-figurative thinking plays a leading role and the foundation for logical thinking is laid.

Memory

The child has a more developed figurative memory. Memorization, assimilation of information continues to be of an involuntary or mechanical nature (memorization). At the end of the senior preschool age, voluntary memory is formed. In addition, those events that are associated with vivid experiences and memories (emotional memory) are firmly stored in his memory.

Imagination

In a preschooler, imagination is recreational, that is, it is based on something previously familiar and real. His fantasies are very colorful, original and captivating. Most often, the child’s plans are directed towards the future.

Speech

The preschooler gradually masters the rules and norms of the Russian language. In many ways, he focuses on adults and if he makes mistakes, he tries to correct them. Speech can be situational, explanatory and contextual.

A special place is occupied by the child’s psychological readiness for school. In this aspect, it is necessary to mention three fundamental factors that need to be paid attention first of all: social, intellectual and emotional level of development. Although today many researchers also consider the preschooler’s motivational readiness to learn at school very important.

According to statistics, 63% of parents are sure that the intellectual abilities of the child will be much higher if you pay a lot of attention to him from childhood, spend most of the time with him and involve him in a variety of educational games. British scientist David Whitbrad takes a completely opposite point of view. In his opinion, if the child is left alone with himself as often as possible, then he has a better chance of growing up as a genius.

According to statistics, 63% of parents are sure that the intellectual abilities of the child will be much higher if you pay a lot of attention to him from childhood, spend most of the time with him and involve him in a variety of educational games. British scientist David Whitbrad takes a completely opposite point of view. In his opinion, if the child is left alone with himself as often as possible, then he has a better chance of growing up as a genius.

Research has shown that today’s children are virtually devoid of loneliness. Parents constantly take care of them, bring up, play with them. And such behavior, according to the scientist, has become a problem in recent decades, since children are less and less involved in ordinary games in the company of their peers, where they can show leadership qualities, or alone with themselves, which will allow them to develop independence.

The life of today’s children is like a planned scenario, and this orderliness negatively affects their development. Due to constant guardianship, kids do not have the opportunity to learn to make decisions on their own or simply to contact their peers. Therefore, the scientist urges parents to often leave their children alone.

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Almost all parents try not only to raise a full-fledged member of society, but also to give their child as many opportunities as possible so that he can achieve success and prosperity in the future. That is why loving mothers and fathers, from the very birth of the baby, consider and “” try on “” various methods of early development for their child, which allow them to reveal and consolidate the full potential of the baby.

Almost all parents try not only to raise a full-fledged member of society, but also to give their child as many opportunities as possible so that in the future he can achieve success and prosperity. That is why loving mothers and fathers, from the very birth of the baby, consider and “” try on “” various methods of early development for their child, which allow them to reveal and consolidate the full potential of the baby.

And there is plenty to choose from. Modern parents have access to a huge “arsenal” of a variety of methods: the method of Montessori, Glenn Doman, Cecile Lupan, Elena Danilova, etc. But the Waldorf system, developed by the Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiners back in 1919, is especially popular.

A few words about Rudolf Steiner

Rudolf Steiner went down in the history of pedagogy as a vivid representative of ethical individualism, whose worldview was based on Goethe’s theory of knowledge. He was sure that human knowledge is limitless, therefore, harmonious development of the personality is possible only if there are no frameworks and limitations. Therefore, throughout his adult life, Rudolf Steiner actively supported the complete absence of state control over the work of educational institutions.

In 1907, he published an essay “Raising a Child”, in which he described in detail all the main stages of a child’s development and his thoughts on the approach to the educational process. 12 years later (in 1919) Rudolf Steiner was invited to the Waldorf-Astoria cigarette factory in Stuttgart as a lecturer. The result of the lecture was the emergence of an innovative method of early childhood development and the opening of a new school, which was named “Waldorf School”.

Already in 1922, Waldorf schools opened in Britain, and a little later spread throughout the world. Today in the world there are more than 3,000 educational institutions based on the educational principles of Rudolf Steiner.

Features of Waldorf pedagogy

The Waldorf methodology is based on the principle of “not outperforming” the child’s development. That is, the most comfortable conditions are created so that the child can develop based on his individual and age characteristics.